medal of honor list

medal of honor recipients Note to users: To search this list for a specific name, hit both "Ctrl" and "F" on your keyboard. [8], The American Civil War (1861–1865) was a war between the United States (the Union) and the Southern states of the newly formed Confederate States of America under Jefferson Davis. [37] Additionally, the only Medal of Honor ever presented to a member of the United States Coast Guard (Douglas Albert Munro) was received for actions during this war.[22]. Gordon, the sniper team leader, requested that they be inserted at the 2nd crash site. Continued to lead his ship despite being severely wounded, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 00:32. A second living recipient, Sergeant First Class Leroy Petry, received the medal from President Obama during a July 12, 2011 ceremony. medal of honor recipients Note to users: To search this list for a specific name, hit both "Ctrl" and "F" on your keyboard. Harry Fisher was the first Marine to receive the medal posthumously and the only posthumous recipient for this conflict. [67] Three explorers were also presented with the medal by special acts of Congress. In total 63 Medals of Honor were received for actions during the occupation; 1 Army, 9 to members of the United States Marine Corps and 53 to Navy personnel.[22]. [65], Before 1963, the Medal of Honor could be received for actions not involving direct combat with enemy or opposing foreign forces and 193 men earned the medal in this way. In late August 2020, Defense Secretary Mark Esper endorsed awarding the Medal of Honor … [57] The fourth recipient, Salvatore Giunta, received his for his actions in 2007 when he risked his life to save a wounded comrade. Over 40 million casualties resulted, including approximately 20 million military and civilian deaths. In North Korea, while commonly known as the Korean War, it is formally called the Fatherland Liberation War. The warring Samoan parties were supplied with arms, training and sometimes even combat troops by Germany, Britain and the United States. medal of honor recipients Note to users: To search this list for a specific name, hit both "Ctrl" and "F" on your keyboard. [58] Marine Corps Corporal Dakota Meyer became the third living recipient awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Ganjgal. Approaching a breach in the wall which was the only entrance to the fort, Sergeant Iams unhesitatingly jumped through the breach despite constant fire from the Cacos and engaged the enemy in a desperate hand-to-hand combat until the bastion was captured and Caco resistance neutralized. Medal of Honor Action Place: in the vicinity of San Terenzo, Italy; Citation. Bearss became known for leading long-range reconnaissance patrols behind enemy lines and was later wounded as a colonel in World War I. Porter was from a distinguished military family and rose to become a major general. The Medal of Honor was established during this conflict; 1523 were awarded (33 posthumously) for acts of bravery and gallantry in combat. For taking a match-lock from the hands of the enemy while advancing to the parapet, Merton was severely wounded in the arm while trying to force his way into the fort, Fighting courageously in hand-to-hand combat, Owens was badly wounded by the enemy during this action, Braving the enemy fire, Purvis was the first to scale the walls of the fort and capture their flag, Fighting courageously at the side of Lt. McKee during this action, Rogers was wounded by the enemy, Fighting at the side of Lt. McKee, by whom he was especially commended, Troy was badly wounded by the enemy, For distinguishing himself by his conduct in the presence of the enemy. Medal of Honor is a series of first-person shooter video games. Served under the name "Truesdale" before officially changing name to "Truesdell" on 25 July 1942. William Kyle Carpenter (born 17 October 1989) is a medically retired United States Marine who received the United States' highest military honor, the Medal of Honor, for his actions in Marjah, Helmand Province, Afghanistan in 2010.Carpenter is the youngest living Medal of Honor recipient The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. [20], The Boxer Movement or Boxer Rebellion, which occurred in China from November 1899 to September 7, 1901, was an uprising by members of the Chinese Society of Right and Harmonious Fists against foreign influence in areas such as trade, politics, religion and technology that occurred in China during the final years of the Manchu rule (Qing Dynasty). As the second Blackhawk, containing Chief Warrant Officer Michael Durant, was hit and crashed, Master Sergeant Gary I. Gordon and Sergeant First Class Randall D. Shughart were in a nearby Blackhawk monitoring radio traffic. During this conflict 464 United States military personnel received the Medal of Honor, 266 of them posthumously. The Samoan Civil War(s) occurred in the Samoa Islands of the South Pacific in the late 19th century. John L. Levitow, Vietnam War. Since 1900, only four have been awarded to Canadians. They collectively embody the values that we as a country strive to uphold—courage, bravery, and the desire and dedication to do what is right in the midst of life’s most difficult circumstances. Taking out the Railgun(3:51) 4. The first African American recipient for this award was William Harvey Carney who, despite being shot in the face, shoulders, arms, and legs, refused to let the American flag touch the ground. [22], The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the American War, occurred from 1959 to April 30, 1975. The reason for the presence of the American military expeditionary force in Korea was to support an American diplomatic delegation sent to establish trade and diplomatic relations with Korea and to ascertain the fate of the General Sherman merchant ship. They collectively embody the values that we as a country strive to uphold—courage, bravery, and the desire and dedication to do what is right in the midst of life’s most difficult circumstances. Votes: 1,952 Rosser, aged 90, passed away on August 26, 2020. Fighting at the side of Lt. McKee during this action, McKenzie was struck by a sword and received a severe cut in the head from the blow. 13th Company, Artillery Battalion, 1st Brigade, For action against a considerable force of rebels, For evacuating wounded Marines by plane while under fire. Medal of Honor(4:10) 2. However, the Medal of Honor has been presented to five First World War unknown soldiers of allied countries: the British Unknown Warrior in the United Kingdom by General Pershing on October 17, 1921; the Romanian Unknown Soldier, the French Unknown Soldier (entombed under the Arc de Triomphe), the Belgian Unknown Soldier, and the Italian Unknown Soldier (entombed in the Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II). The uprising began as a xenophobic, anti-foreign, nationalist peasant-based movement in northern China. This name was historically the most commonly used in the U.S., but some Filipino historians refer to these hostilities as the, Official military histories in Commonwealth nations refer to the conflict as the Second World War, while the United States' official histories refer to the conflict as World War II. He served under George Armstrong Custer and alongside the legendary lawman “Bat” Masterson. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously. The other five recipients were Staff Sergeant David Bellavia, Staff Sergeant Travis Atkins, Corporal Jason Dunham of the Marine Corps, Specialist Ross A. McGinnis of the Army and Master-at-Arms Second Class Michael A. Monsoor of the U.S. Navy. Medal of Honor: Warfighter uses the Frostbite 2.0 engine, which was made by another subsidiary of EA, DICE, which was the partner for Medal of Honor (2010). Locating Enemy Positions(4:10) 3. Second award – previously awarded a Medal of Honor for action in the Boxer Rebellion. Unknown Soldier. Within a month, much of Europe was in a state of open warfare. The Medal of Honor is given to any member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself "conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States." The first twelve installments take place during World War II. § 6241 explicitly states that recipients must be serving in the U.S. Armed Forces at the time of performing a valorous act that warrants the award. Her medal was rescinded in 1917 along with many other non-combat awards, but it was restored by President Jimmy Carter in 1977. [30], During this War, 126 men received the Medal of Honor for their actions with five marines receiving both the Army and Navy versions of the medal for the same action. The latter four of these each received it after being killed while using their own bodies to smother explosive devices to protect their comrades. The United States occupied the Dominican Republic from 1916 to 1924. Subsequently, awarded the, For distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy. Unleash the hero within as you take on some of the deadliest combat missions in history with Medal of Honor. The term "Vietnam Conflict" is often used to refer to events which took place between 1959 and April 30, 1975. The members of the Society of Right and Harmonious Fists were simply called boxers by the Westerners due to the martial arts and calisthenics they practiced. The main hostilities were during the period from June 25, 1950, until the Korean Armistice Agreement was signed on July 27, 1953. The first United States occupation of Haiti began on July 28, 1915 and ended in mid-August 1934. Rescuing the G3 Officer(4:09) 7. He is the first living recipient since the Vietnam War. The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Medal of Honor: Above and Beyond is a First-Person, Shooter, and VR game published by Electronic Arts released in 2020. Navy Lieutenant Michael P. Murphy received his for actions against insurgent forces and for sacrificing his life to call for help when his team had been overwhelmed by a much larger enemy force. The snipers, assisted by the severely injured Durant, began to engage the attacking Somalis from the opposite side of the wreckage using assault rifles stored on the Blackhawk. Seventeen of these were Japanese-Americans fighting in both Europe and the Pacific. Over 60 million people, the majority of them civilians, were killed, making it the deadliest conflict in human history. The engine has vastly improved the graphical schematics and allowed for more complex scenes.Old features from the previous engine, such as \"asking for ammo\", peak & lean, and sliding have returned from the old engine. China Relief Expedition (Boxer Rebellion), 1971 - Kontum Province, Republic of Vietnam, © COPYRIGHT 2020 CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR SOCIETY. The mission of the National Medal of Honor Museum and its attendant education center is to commemorate the stories of our Medal of Honor recipients, unite Americans around what it means to be patriotic, and inspire us to find the hero within ourselves. This will bring up your browser's "Find" function, where you can enter the last name of an individual and skip to them on the list. The stated purpose of the invasion was to capture Osama bin Laden, destroy al-Qaeda and remove the Taliban regime which had provided support and safe harbor to al-Qaeda. For distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy. I have listed them in alphabetical order. As they monitored the downing of the second Blackhawk, it became evident that ground forces would not be available to secure the crash site and protect the critically injured crew of four, all of whom survived the crash. The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. They are categorized by the War they fought, the date their citation was awarded, and their place of Birth. View a list of all the Living Medal of Honor Recipients of the Medal of Honor at the official website of the Congressional Medal of Honor Society He was presented the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Korean War on January 12, 1952. [34] The worldwide financial cost of the war is estimated at a trillion 1944 U.S. dollars,[35][36] making it the most costly war both in capital expenditures as well as loss of lives. The concluding event was the Second Samoan Civil War. [55] Since 2001, 17 American service-members have received the Medal of Honor for actions in Afghanistan, four of them posthumously. Michael Giacchino was hired to compose the music in Medal of Honor. Riots in Havana by pro-Spanish "Voluntarios" gave the United States reason to send in the warship USS Maine. In June 1900, the Boxers invaded Beijing and killed 230 non-Chinese. They attacked foreigners who were building railroads and supposedly violating Feng shui, as well as Christians, who were held responsible for the foreigners in China. On Monday, May 23, 1994, President Clinton presented the Medal of Honor to the widows of Gordon and Shughart. But they are also unique. The Chinese government was forced to indemnify the victims and make many additional concessions. [41] The first African American recipient of the war was Milton L. Olive, III who sacrificed himself to save others by smothering a grenade with his body. But they are also unique. In May 1917, Rear Admiral William Caperton forced Arias to leave Santo Domingo by threatening the city with naval bombardment. The incident came in the midst of poor diplomatic relations between Mexico and the United States, related to the ongoing Mexican Revolution. Nicaragua assumed a quasi-protectorate status under the 1916 Chamorro-Bryan Treaty. The term Indian Wars is the name generally used in the United States to describe a series of conflicts between colonial or federal governments and the American Indian population resident in North America before the arrival of white settlers. In the early days of the war, United States President Harry Truman called the United Nations response a "police action". [1] The President of the United States, in the name of the United States Congress, has awarded more than 3,520 Medals of Honor including 19 second awards to the nation's soldiers, sailors, airmen, marines, and coast guardsmen since the decoration's creation in 1861. Powhatan Beaty, Civil War. The only female Medal of Honor recipient is Mary Edwards Walker, a Civil War surgeon. [3] Between 1964 and 1979, the United States Senate Subcommittee on Veterans' Affairs of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare and later the Committee on Veterans' Affairs produced a number of consolidated compilations of all Medal of Honor citations to date. [21], During the Boxer rebellion, 59 American servicemen received the Medal of Honor for their actions. A total of 42 Medals of Honor, representing 9% of all awarded during World War II, were presented for action in just two battles – 15 for actions during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and 27 for actions during the Battle of Iwo Jima. He was recognized for his actions in Iraq on October 22, 2015. The Medal of Honour for Gallantry is of silver gilt. English translations of the official histories of other nations tend to resolve into English as Second World War also, for example. Sylvester Antolak 56m. [15], The Philippine–American War[n 1] was an armed military conflict between the United States and insurgents calling themselves the “First Philippine Republic”, fought between 1899 and at least 1902, which arose from a Filipino political struggle against U.S. occupation of the Philippines. Honor their sacrifice today so we may shape a better future tomorrow. Second award – previously awarded a Medal of Honor for action in the Mexican Campaign. Harold Gonsalves, World War II. [28] Over 60 million European soldiers were mobilized from 1914–1918. [9] The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. This will bring up your browser's "Find" function, where you can enter the last name of an individual and skip to them on the list. While the conflict was officially declared over on July 4, 1902,[17][18][19] American troops continued hostilities against remnants of the insurgent “Philippine Army” and other insurgent groups until 1913, and some historians consider these unofficial mop-up operations part of the war. The first began in Asia in 1937 as the Second Sino-Japanese War; the other began in Europe in 1939 with the German and Russian invasion of Poland. As the only military award authorized during the American Civil War, the Medal of Honor was presented for meritorious actions that would not necessarily be recognized by the Armed Services today. His request was denied twice before finally being approved on the third request. In addition, these countries sought to gain more power in Europe and wanted Samoa due to the scarcity of unclaimed territory from 1870 onwards. Eventually, the United States failed to secure its objectives. The war was fought between the Communist-supported Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the United States supported Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam). In the ensuing battle, two UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters were shot down. [6], While current law, (10 U.S.C. [59][60] An additional twelve recipients, eleven living and one posthumous have been awarded the Medal since Meyer. There have been twelve awards to the U.S. Army, three to the U.S. Navy, two to the U.S. Marine Corps and one to the U.S. Air Force. The circular Medal of Honour has a diameter of 3.5 centimetres, bearing – (a) on the obverse the Coat of Arms and the word “Jamaica” (b) on the reverse the badge of the relevant uniformed service with the words “For Gallantry” or “For Meritorious Service” as the case may be. These three powers valued Samoa as a refueling station for coal fired shipping. They are parents and siblings, colleagues and friends. Attack on Fort Schmerzen(3:58) 5. For distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy. [43] Thomas Bennett was a conscientious objector who received the medal for his actions as a medic;[44] three chaplains received the medal, including Vincent R. Capodanno, who served with the Marine Corps and was known as the Grunt Padre. Each of the countries reciprocally awarded medals to the U.S. [22] Most of these medals were presented to members of the United States Navy for rescuing or attempting to rescue someone from drowning. Frank Baldwin, a career U.S. Army officer, was recommended for the Medal of Honor three times while fighting two different adversaries and practically didn’t have an off-day from soldiering for 35 years across the American West!

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