matthew 20:25 meaning

αὐτῶν, are parallel, and αὐτῶν in both cases refers to τῶν ἐθνῶν. There is, saith one, a greatness belluine (brutal) and genuine. Renewal 1960. In that, a beast may and doth exceed us; in this we exceed ourselves and others. Matthew 20:25. προσκαλεσάμενος : Jesus had to call them to Him, therefore they had had the decency not to quarrel in His presence. Matthew 20:25. προσκαλεσάμενος αὐτοὺς, having called them to Him) They had been moved, therefore, with indignation when their Master was not present. Photograph by Owen Byrne, Boston, USA – Wikimedia Commons. κατακυρ.] "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". But Jesus called them to Himself and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". Matthew 20:25-28. See Mark 10:42. Matthew 20:25 Translation & Meaning. It is first said that Christ called them to him, that he might reprove them in private; and next we learn from it that, being ashamed of their ambition, they did not openly complain, but that a sort of hollow murmur arose, and every one secretly preferred himself to the rest. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. The word rendered, have dominion over them, Κατακυριευουσιν, signifies sometimes to use an immoderate and arbitrary power. Read more Share Copy BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". 64, and the Sept. passim; see Schleusner; 1 Peter 5:3; Acts 19:16. Privilegium unius conceditur in beneficium alterius, saith a learned doctor; et si vis esse vere magnus, ne sis instar utris folle tumidi, sed instar uteri prole gravidi; nec attollas inane supercilium, sed exhibeas utile ministerium. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. Observe the present (see critical notes); there is no such order of things among you. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". He points out to them that it is the way of the world, and especially of the Gentiles who are the very ones who will exercise their power against Him (Matthew 20:19), that rulers lord it over people, and great ones vaunt their authority over people. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/matthew-20.html. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". The government of the Church of Christ is widely different from secular governments. What does this verse really mean? This has already been abundantly exemplified in both cases, and will continue so to be, over the whole world, wherever the Church and State are united in secular matters. — Matthew 20:26-27 NLT. For the Christian, servanthood can be defined as the state or condition of being a servant to others, or of ministry to others, rather than the service of one’s self. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/matthew-20.html. BibliographySchaff, Philip. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. in the verb implies a bad sense and = oppress them. αὐτῶν] refers in both instances to τ. ἐθνῶν. The princes of the Gentiles— Of the nations around. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". This is, no doubt, true; but the design of Christ was, as I have said, to distinguish between the spiritual government of his Church and the empires of the world, that the apostles might not look for the favors of a court; for in proportion as any of the nobles is loved by kings, he rises to wealth and distinction. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/matthew-20.html. Monday, September 25, 2017 "But it should not be that way with you. As to the words which Matthew employs, the princes of the Gentiles rule over them, Luke conveys the same import by saying, they are called benefactors; which means, that kings possess great wealth and abundance, in order that they may be generous and bountiful. In the sphere to which you belong, true greatness lies in doing service; that is the principle on which you will act. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. αὐτῶν and … κατεξ. It was necessary so often for the apostles to be corrected in their erroneous notion of the kingdom of heaven, because they thought of it in the same light as the governments of the world. 1974. (664) Hence, too, they take the name in the Hebrew language, נדיבים, (nedibim ) They are so called from bestowing gifts; (665) for taxes and tributes are paid to them for no other purpose than to furnish the expense necessary to the magnificence of their rank. πρῶτος] one of the first in point of rank, a sort of climax to μέγας, as διάκονος is to δοῦλος. This important ‘rule’ of the Master is thrown into the form of Hebrew parallelism. 1891. See Wakefield and Rosenmuller. 1801-1803. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/matthew-20.html. Thus, the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over the Gentiles, and their great ones exercise authority upon the rulers of the Gentiles. The Church has more than once ruined the State; the State has often corrupted the Church: it is certainly for the interests of both to be kept separate. And they that are great] The grandees of the earth. What Jesus teaches is the dignity of service in the Kingdom of heaven. Similarly with regard to the κατεξους., which occurs nowhere else, and which may be rendered: they practise violence toward. In the Kingdom of heaven the ambition must be to serve not to reign; that Kingdom is in every way the reverse of the kingdoms of the world. Key Thought. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Sunday, September 24, 2017. Christ categorically denied any such pyramidal system of government any place whatsoever in his kingdom. In the latter the gradation of rank is [1] the supreme prince (ἄρχων); [2] the nobles (μεγάλοι); [3] the ministers or attendants (διάκονοι); [4] the slaves (δοῦλοι). Many have looked upon meekness, lowliness of spirit, or the willingness to yield, with suspicion and perhaps even loathing. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". Matthew 20:25, NASB : "But Jesus called them to Himself and said, 'You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them." Matthew 6:23 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Matthew 6:23, NIV: "But if your eyes are unhealthy, your whole body will be full of darkness.If then the light within you is darkness, how great is that darkness!" For it was possible that one who was governor of a village or of a city might, in a case of urgent necessity, discharge also the office of teaching; but Christ satisfied himself with explaining what belongs to the apostolic office and what is at variance with it. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". See note there. The popular Jewish expectations, shared by the disciples, were really heathen in their character, substituting might for right, and ambition for the true greatness of service. If one of you wants to become great, then he must serve you like a servant. “Ipsis saepe dominis imperantiores,” Beng. Matthew 20:20-28 Introduction Context 18:1-4 – Greatness in the Kingdom measured by the yardstick of humility 19:14 – Salvation belongs to those with childlike faith 19:21 – Self denial and giving are the marks of a true disciple 19:30, 20:16 – Selfless service is demanded. "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". Matthew 20:25-28 Jesus called them together and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. Clarke's Matthew 20:25 Bible Commentary Exercise dominion - and - exercise authority upon them - They tyrannized and exercised arbitrary power over the people. Goodness is the only greatness. 382, comp. For though kings have greater delight in their power, and a stronger desire that it should be formidable, than that it should be founded in the consent of the people, still they desire the praise of munificence. Jesus called all the followers together. Comp. 1896. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/matthew-20.html. In order to present the contrast between the kingdom as it would be and as they expected it, he pointed out the nature of Gentile rule. — Matthew 20:25-26. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Matthew 20:25. All other rights reserved. Sic. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/matthew-20.html. Last Sunday after Pentecost: Christ the King – Matthew 25:31-46 “Whatsoever…” (2006) by Timothy P. Schmalz. besides the parallel passage (Mark 10:42). But Jesus called them unto him,.... All his twelve disciples, perceiving that the same ambitious views prevailed in them all: to discourage which, and to prevent their quarrelling one with another, he called them to him, and made use of the following reasonings: and said, ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them; appealing to them in a case that was well known by them, what the princes of the Gentiles did; or, as Mark expresses it, "they which are accounted", or "seem to rule over the Gentiles": who know not God, the King of kings, and Lord of lords, who neither serve and obey him, or have any dependence on him, but assume a power of governing others, take upon them to rule the nations of the world, and are acknowledged as such by them: these claim a superiority over others, and exercise lordly power over them; and they that are their great ones, their lords, and nobles under them; these also assert a preeminence, and exercise authority on those that are below them; which they have received from those that are above them: this is the usual way and method of the governments of the kingdoms of this world: wherefore, for the apostles to affect and desire a superiority to each other, in the kingdom of Christ, was to imitate the Gentiles, and to act according to worldly forms of government; which is very unsuitable to the followers of the meek and lowly Jesus, whose kingdom is spiritual, and not of this world. See Grotius, and Beausobre and Lenfant. For God had prescribed to the children of Israel a just and equitable form of government. This statement of Christ does not merely repeat a well-known fact for emphasis. The two clauses, … κατακυρ. "The Bible Study New Testament". 1865-1868. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. In the Kingdom of heaven he that will be the noble must be the minister or attendant; he that will be supreme must be the slave. 1914. Reflecting on the meaning of Matthew 25, join us in prayer. Matthew has abbreviated his Marcan source (Mk 10:46–52) and has made Mark’s one man two. For he appears to throw them all down, or, at least, to place them on a level, so that not one rises above the rest. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Princes of the Gentiles — Especially of the Romans. You know. In Matthew 25, Jesus calls us to feed those who are hungry. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". Magistro non praesente, Beng.— κατακυριεύουσιν: in the Sept(113) used in the sense of rule, Genesis 1:28, Psalms 72:8; here the connection requires the idea of “lording it over,” the κατὰ having intensive force; so also in the ἅπ. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. St Peter, teaching the same lesson of humility, says (1 Peter 5:3), μήδʼ ὡς κατακυριεύοντες τῶν κλήρων ἀλλὰ τύποι γενόμενοι τοῦ ποιμνίου. Now when he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.”. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/matthew-20.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/matthew-20.html. Matthew 25:6 And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him. The antithesis is complete. The rulers and leaders of government domineer their people. xviii. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/matthew-20.html. He has no questions. κατεξουσιάζουσιν, following = play the tyrant.— τῶν ἐθνῶν: from these occasional references to the outside peoples we get Christ’s idea of the Pagan world; they seek material good (Matthew 6:32), use repetition in prayer (Matthew 6:7), are subject to despotic rule.— οἱ μεγάλοι, the grandees.— αὐτῶν after the two verbs in both cases refers to the ἐθνῶν. {a} Infelicium ecclesiae concertationem causam dixit ecclesiasticorum φιλαρχαιν. οἱ μεγάλοι] the magnates (Hom. They had not showed their anger to Jesus. μέγας] great, not equivalent to μέγιστος, but in the sense of: to occupy a high and distinguished place among you. See Deuteronomy 17:14., to the end. Their great ones. Prayer for food for the hungry. 1983-1999. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Greatness In Serving: Matthew 20:25-28. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". Matthew 20:25-28: Jesus called them together and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. This is what sitting on a ‘throne’ means to them, and it is true even of the most benevolent. "All of you are brethren" (Matthew 23:8). οὐχ οὕτως ἐστιν ἐν ὑμῖν] it is not so among you. Ver. Perhaps the intention is to suggest that the rule of the magnates is more oppressive than that of their royal masters: they strain their authority. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. κατεξ. a. The rulers of the Gentiles, i.e. λεγ. (25) Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles.—No words of reproof could more strongly point the contrast between the true and the false views of the Messiah’s kingdom. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". 1599-1645. Jesus called them to him, and said] We must (by Christ’s example) advance, cherish concord all we can, among ministers especially, by casting out those mischief makers, emulation and ambition. Matthew 6:23, ESV: "but if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness.If then the light in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!" Matthew 25:7 Then all … Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. It is neither just nor reasonable, therefore, to desire precedency in the Church, without these qualifications. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages. It is not so among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant, and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slave; just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”. Matthew 20:25. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/matthew-20.html. But Jesus called them unto him All his twelve disciples, perceiving that the same ambitious views prevailed in them all: to discourage which, and to prevent their quarrelling one with another, he called them to him, and made use of the following reasonings: and said, ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them; appealing to them in a case that was well known by them, what the princes of the Gentiles did; or, as Mark expresses it, "they which are accounted", or "seem to rule over the Gentiles": who know not God, the King of kings, and Lord of lords, who neither serve and obey him, or have any dependence on him, but assume a power of governing others, take upon them to rule the nations of the world, and are acknowledged as such by them: these claim a superiority over others, and exercise lordly power over them; and they that are their great ones, their lords, and nobles under them; these also assert a preeminence, and exercise authority on those that are below them; which they have received from those that are above them: this is the usual way and method of the governments of the kingdoms of this world: wherefore, for the apostles to affect and desire a superiority to each other, in the kingdom of Christ, was to imitate the Gentiles, and to act according to worldly forms of government; which is very unsuitable to the followers of the meek and lowly Jesus, whose kingdom is spiritual, and not of this world. Christ distinguishes between the apostles and the rank of kings, not because kings have a right to act haughtily, but because the station of royalty is different from the apostolic office. In one there is probably a reference to our Lord’s words here. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". Broadman Press 1932,33. Matthew 20:25-28 Matthew 20:25-28 View Full Chapter. And their important leaders love to use all their authority over the people. A servant seeks to meet the needs of others. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/matthew-20.html. Jesus Christ sets the tone of this approach in His discussion with the sons of Zebedee and the other disciples. ‘But Jesus called them to him, and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them” ’. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/matthew-20.html. BibliographyWesley, John. He does not explain generally how deadly a plague ambition is, but simply warns them, that nothing is more foolish than to fight about nothing. (Witham) --- Our Lord wishing to extinguish the indignation conceived against the two brothers, lays before them the difference of secular and ecclesiastical princes, shewing that precedency in the Church is neither to be sought for by him who is not possessed of it, nor too eagerly loved by him who has it; for secular princes are lords of their subjects, keeping them under subjection, and govern them in every particular according to their will; but ecclesiastical princes are honoured with precedency, that they may be servants of their inferiors, administer to them whatever they have received from Christ, neglect their own convenience for the good of their neighbour, and be willing even to die for the spiritual good of their subjects. Not so with you. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. 25 But Jesus called them to Himself and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them. 25Jesus called them together and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. As Christians, and therefore, disciples of Jesus Christ, this means we are to submit to God first and then to one another. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. the heathen rulers. 1. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. Observe the κατα in composition in both verbs, signifying subjugation and oppression. 2013. — Matthew 20:26-27. Exercise dominion - and - exercise authority upon them - They tyrannized and exercised arbitrary power over the people. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/matthew-20.html. Just before ascending to the Father in heaven, the Lord Jesus commissioned His followers to go and make disciples, of all the nations - teaching them to observe all things whatsoever He had commanded them, and then He made the most astonishing claim - and, lo, … The Jewish form of government, as ordained by God, was designed to exclude tyranny. Princes of the Gentiles lord it over them: tyrannize over those that are under them, by arbitrary and violent proceedings. I am glad it’s so easy and clearcut for St. Matthew. Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles lord it over them — And hence you imagine, the chief in my kingdom will do as they: but it will be quite otherwise. Jesus called them to him. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". If one of you wants to become first, then he must serve you like a slave." Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, Read verse in New International Version Used by Permission. μεγιστᾶνες, Mark 6:21), “ipsis saepe dominis imperiosiores,” Bengel. 25.You know that the princes of the Gentiles rule over them.

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